Claiming Damages For Breach Of Contract
Claiming Damages For Breach Of Contract – Breach of Contract Remedies There are four broad types of remedies to consider:
(1) ** Focusing on damages, much of the discussion below deals with the relevant principles for claims for compensation.
Claiming Damages For Breach Of Contract
(2) Actions on agreed sums (obligations) i) Price or other contractual consideration (as agreed under the contract). White and Carter (Councils) Ltd v MacGregor  AC 413 [Pool 367-370]. Actions against Settlement Amount/Debt Claims do not have relief obligations and generally have the option of summary judgment (basically a “direct” judgment, no need for a trial).
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(3) A claim for refund (a) seeks recovery of monies paid by the innocent party in the absence of full performance (ie, there was no performance of the contract); depending on the situation. An award is made (essentially a payment for the provision of an intangible benefit provided by the innocent party, but not required under the terms of the contract).
A refund in its general sense allows for the recovery of the value of money paid or benefits provided. Compensation is about the benefit to be given to the wrongdoer and that wealth should not be unjustly obtained at the expense of the victim. (Unlike a tort claim, which seeks to compensate the victims.) You have saved money, economic benefits, or necessary expenses. You must show that D was enriched at the plaintiff’s expense. It must be unfair for D to retain the profits without compensating the plaintiffs.
(a) Refund of money paid based on non-performance An example of a refund is where there is a claim for money received in the event of non-performance (performance of the contract). Price paid to McRae for scrap available at Commonwealth Waste Commission [Pool 389-390] (see below).
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Example: Buyer pays seller in advance, no delivery. The buyer can return the advance payment (the buyer prefers to do this rather than claim compensation / compensation for the expected loss of the bad deal).
If the review failure is partial, the advance payment will be considered irrevocable. Whincup v Hughes (1871) LR 6 CP 78. Stocznia Gdanska SA v Latvian Shipping Co  1 WLR 574 (HL).
(b) Quantum Benefits Recovery of Quantum Benefits for the reasonable value of benefits provided will only be possible if the parties have a claim for compensation for benefits (other than money) provided and there is no direct contractual provision for compensation. For example, British Steel Corp. v Cleveland Bridge & Engineering  3 All ER 504 [pool 77-78].
Seeking Damages For Breach Of Contract
(4) Equitable relief may be sought in terms of (a) specific performance and (b) injunctive relief.
(a) Specific Performance. THIS MEDIA IS PROVISIONAL AND MAY ONLY BE AVAILABLE IF THE DAMAGE HAS NOT OCCURRED. Sky Petroleum Ltd v VIP Petroleum Ltd  1 All ER 954. No such order can be made where the court is involved in controlling for a fixed period. Ryan v Tontine Westminster Mutual Chambers Association  1 Ch 116.
Also, courts do not usually order specific performance of contracts involving personal services, such as contracts of employment.
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Similarly, in Co-operative Insurance Society Ltd v Argyll Stores (Holdings) Ltd  2 WLR 898 [Poole 474-477], HL held that contracts for the tenancy of retail premises I held should be open to be . A business was not particularly enforceable (like a judgment) because courts do not issue orders requiring a person to continue running a business. Such orders always require supervision and can lead to fraud if keeping the business to D.
(b) Injunctions These are usually used to prevent something from being done (prohibition). Injunction to prevent breach of contract.
Hint: Causation is a factor in determining liability. Relate the violation to the harm caused. After determining the loss, it is important to remember this link before attempting to measure it.
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(1) Robinson and Harman (1848) 1 Exch 850 Presumptive Loss Parke B, p. The deal is done.”
How expected loss is calculated (a) Scale difference in value (also known as diminution in value) This is calculated as the difference between the value of performance promised and the value actually received.
Example: I will buy a car from you for 2000 pounds. The market value of the car is £2,500. You promise that the car will be fit for purpose and of satisfactory quality. No, as a result, its original cost is only £1500. Damages for defective goods: Price promised – amount actually received = £ X £2,500 – £1,500 = £1,000.
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S. 50(3) SGA 1979 – Failure of buyer to comply (ie. Breach of buyer). The seller’s compensation is the difference between the market price of the goods on the day of non-acceptance of the goods by the Buyer and the contract price.
S. 51(3) SGA 1979 – Seller’s failure to deliver goods in B2B contracts (ie. Seller’s Breach). The buyer’s compensation is the difference between the market price of the goods on the day of non-delivery and the contract price. S. 51 SGA 1979 no longer applies in the B2C (consumer) context under the Consumer Rights Act 2015.
In CRA 2015. If the trader refuses or does not deliver the goods within the specified period, the consumer can consider the contract terminated. In this case, the trader must reimburse all payments made under the contract without delay. S. 28(13) states that while the consumer may do so, if no remedy is shown to be available for such damage, the consumer may seek other remedies (such as an additional substitute). Explanation. 50(3) continues to apply to B2C as well as B2B contracts.
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What is the normal amount of damages in case of cancellation of the supply contract? If the contract went according to plan, the contractor would receive the price, but the fixed costs and costs of the contract must be covered, and the net profit would remain. Therefore, the amount of loss that must be reduced (see limitations below) is usually the net profit of the contract.
Damages for defective performance The starting point for measuring damages is the difference between the cost of the promised performance and the cost actually received.
Example: Becky buys a car from Alex for £20,000. The market value of the car at the date of the purchase agreement is £22,500 (assuming it is pledged). Alex says that the car is purposeful and of satisfactory quality. It’s not (implementation defective), so its original cost is just £18,500.
Compensation For Loss Or Damage Caused By A Breach Of Contract
See also Vyas v Goraya (t/a Taj Construction Roofing)  EWCA Civ 1095. The Court of Appeal held (at ) that the plaintiff’s landlord’s claim for defects in the construction work must include an additional sum due to the incomplete builder should be paid, calculated. As a condition, he should correct the defects. It was a measure that put the homeowners in the position they would be in if there was a contract.
Company D hired Company P to build the pool and determine the depth and maximum depth at the diving point. Although the depth of the swimming pool did not meet this requirement, it was safe and there was no cost difference as a result.D to dismantle and rebuild the swimming pool to the depth specified in the contract, which could restore £21,560. . The House of Lords agreed with the judge and dismissed this, instead awarding £2,500 for loss of comfort (recognizing the concern over the depth of the diver). (i) compensation for replacement costs must be reasonable; not proportional to the profit received. (ii) the purpose of restructuring is to:
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